no soot or smoke

quality-certified raw materials

Extract from the Specific Quality Assurance and Test Specifications for Tealights RAL-GZ 041/3

3-1 Scope

These specific quality assurance and test specifications apply to tealights.


  • have a fuel material mass with an outer diameter of 36–39 mm and a maximum height of 17 mm
  • do not contain any fragrance, colouring or beeswax additives
  • are burned in a non-combustible container, made e.g. of metal, glass or plastic. The container prevents the fuel from escaping

Within this scope, the “Tealights” product needs to meet the requirements of the Quality Mark for Candles.


3-2 Quality specifications

3-2.1 Visual and technical requirements

3-2.1.1 Appearance/wick arrangement

When viewed without technical aids, the surface of the fuel must be free of impurities.

The wick must be centred.

3-2.1.2 Dimensions

Standard tealights have the following dimensions (fuel without container, without wick holder, without wick):

Height: max. 17 mm

Diameter: 36–39 mm

Larger dimensions and an excessively thick wick can produce a flame that is too large for which the dimensions of a portable hearth may then be too small, which may have negative consequences.

3-2.1.3 Container

The fuel of tealights is within a rigid container. The container must not be significantly deformed, destroyed or ignited by the flame.

Aussehen / Dochtanordnung

3-2.1.4 Burning properties/burn time

After lighting, the tealight must have a steady flame and burn evenly.

Brennverhalten / Brenndauer

After lighting, the tealight must have a steady flame and burn evenly.

Brennverhalten / Brenndauer

After burning starts, the flame must be at least 14 mm high until just before the flame extinguishes itself.

Brennverhalten / Brenndauer

The flame must burn without producing visible soot for at least 4 hours.


After the flame has been extinguished, the tip of the wick will normally glow slightly; this is associated with some release of smoke. This process must be completed within 10 seconds.

Brennverhalten / Brenndauer

The flame may extinguish itself at the end of the burning process only when there remains just a small amount of fuel in the container.

3-3 Test specifications

3-3.1 General

10 tealights must each be subjected to routine testing in accordance with Sections 3-2.1.1 to 3-2.1.2 and 3-3.2 to 3-3.9, with the exception of Section 3-3.7 b.

The requirements are considered met if satisfied on average by the 10 tested tealights, i.e. if the mean value of all individual measurements meets the requirements and nothing is specified to the contrary in the relevant sections.

3-3.2 Sampling in routine testing

The number of samples in relation to production output is coordinated with the external quality assurance institute.

The height, diameter and weight of the test specimen—without container, without wick holder, without wick—are measured and recorded in mm or g.

3-3.3 Container

3-3.3.1 All containers:

Visual inspection

3-3.3.2 Containers made of organic material, particularly plastic

Test according to ASTM F2417-11 (5.4) (plastic container flammability test) (simplified as follows: Containers are subjected to a defined flame for 10 seconds, after a further 30 seconds the flame must go out)

3-3.4 Spatial conditions

Routine testing of the burning properties of tealights (flame height, soot properties (visual inspection according to Section 3-3.7 a), burn time, fuel residue, smoking time) is carried out according to the following burning cycle:

Continuous burning until self-extinguishing.

After a burn time of approx. 90 minutes, the smoking time is determined. To do so, the flame is extinguished and the smoking time measured in accordance with Section 3-3.9. Immediately after measurement, the tealight is relit and the continuous burning process continued.

The burning process should take place on a heat-resistant, non-combustible support surface. The thermal conductivity of this surface should be as low as possible, so that its influence on the burning properties is as small as possible. Burning directly on surfaces such as metal or tiles is therefore not appropriate.

3-3.5 Burning cycle during routine testing

3-3.6 Flame height


If the fuel and wick are not optimally matched, the flame may be too small. When burning starts (until the surface of the fuel is fully liquefied) and before the flame extinguishes itself (5 minutes prior to extinguishing), fluctuations may occur. During the remaining burning time, the flame height, measured from the surface of the liquid fuel to the tip of the flame, must be at least 14 mm.


Flame height at least 14 mm requirement met
Flame height sometimes less than 14 mmrequirement not met

If a maximum of 1 tealight does not meet this requirement, another 10 tealights are tested. Of these, all tealights must comply with the requirement to pass the test.

3-3.7 Burn time

The burn time must be at least 4 hours. No individual tealight must burn less than the minimum burn time by more than 15 minutes.


Burn time is at least 4 hours requirement met
burn time is less than 4 requirement not met

3-3.8 Soot properties


3-3.9 Minimising fuel residue

The wax residue must be checked after the flame has extinguished itself. It must not exceed 2 g.


Wax residue of up to 2 g requirement met
Wax residue greater than 2 g requirement not met

3-3.10 Smoking

3-4 Overall assessment

Award Certificate
Test Report
RAL Gütezeichen für Kerzen
RAL Quality Mark for Candles
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