no soot or smoke

quality-certified raw materials

Extract from the requirements for raw and auxiliary materials for health protection


The raw and auxiliary materials used for quality-certified candles must not have properties, be it their own or those of any impurities, which, if the candles are used as intended or if they are misused in a predictable manner, could have a harmful effect on the consumer’s health, or which could impair the aesthetic appearance of the candle or its suitability for use.

Relevant time

In particular, the following requirements I to VIII must be met at the time of handover from the supplier to the candle manufacturer.

Fuel mixtures

A mixture of fuels is considered to exist if the total of all the components added to a fuel exceeds 5% by weight in accordance with I to IV. This does not include wicks, dyes, varnishes and fragrances. The individual components of fuel mixtures of different raw materials must comply with the respective requirements I to IV.

It is not always possible to transfer these requirements to the finished fuel mixtures.

Innovative fuels

Fuels for which no specific requirements are defined by I to IV, may make up more than 5% by weight of manufactured quality-certified candles only if they are registered for use as a candle fuel in accordance with REACH Regulation (EC) No. 1907/2006. As long as there is only a pre-registration, or they are exempt from the obligation to register, or they are generally exempt from REACH, the external quality assurance institute must first confirm the safety to health in accordance with the General Quality Assurance and Test Specifications for Candles, point 2.

Suppliers’ evidence

Suppliers designated by the Quality Association shall carry the certificate of conformity in accordance with EN 10204, point 3.1 “Factory certificate 2.1”.

Test methods

The established test methods take into account the use of raw and auxiliary materials in fuels for candles.

Validated test methods are currently not available for threshold values marked with “*”.

I. Paraffin

  • Colour index
  • Smell
  • Ash content
  • Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH)
  • Sulphur content
  • Lead
  • UV stability of paraffins with oil content ≤ 1.5%

II. Stearin

  • Acid number
  • Ester number
  • Iodine number
  • Peroxide number
  • Solidification point – Lovibond colour scale
  • Unsaponifiable
  • Ash content – lead

III. Beeswax

  • Drip point
  • Acid number
  • Saponification number
  • Ester number
  • Ratio
  • Total hydrocarbons
  • Lead

IV. Fats and oils

  • Iron
  • Copper
  • Nickel
  • Cadmium
  • Mercury
  • Lead
  • Arsenic
  • Free fatty acids
  • Peroxide number
  • Lovibond colour scale
  • Ash content
  • Water content
  • Smell
  • Oil stability index

V. Wicks

  • Öko-Tex standard 100 I or II

VI. The following requirements apply to candle colours

  • Nickel
  • Cadmium
  • Complete chrome
  • Lead
  • Arsenic
  • Barium
  • Toxicity
  • Benzene
  • Toluene
  • Ethylbenzene
  • Benzo[a]pyrene – benzo[e]pyrene
  • Benzo[a]anthracene
  • Chrysene
  • Benzo[b]fluoranthene
  • Benzo[j]fluoranthene
  • Benzo[k]fluoranthene
  • Dibenzo[a,h]anthracene
  • Naphthalene
  • Bis(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate
  • Dibutyl phthalate
  • Benzyl butyl phthalate
  • Diisononyl phthalate – diisodecyl phthalate
  • Di-n-octyl phthalate – diisobutyl phthalate

VII. Candle varnishes


VIII. Fragrances

  • IFRA standard

IX. Heavy metals in the candle system

  • Antimony
  • Barium
  • Cadmium
  • Mercury
  • Arsenic
  • Complete chrome
  • Chrome VI
  • Lead
Stumpen Ø 98 mm
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