In most countries, paraffin is the most important raw material for candle production. It is a by-product in the processing of crude oil. “90 percent of the candles sold in Germany are made of paraffin,” says Wolfgang Reich, Managing Director of the Bavarian Guild of Chandlers. “The quality of paraffin is subject to high standards by the legislative authority,” explains Reich. “It must be practically clinically pure, as it is also used by the medical and cosmetic industries.”
Paraffin imported from the USA or China often does not comply with this purity requirement, Wolfgang Reich emphasises. Since the price of paraffin is tied to the price of oil, candle makers are struggling against steady cost increases.